Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy that has been shown to be effective in treating depression, anxiety, substance use, disordered eating, and several mental health conditions. Research suggests that CBT can help improve quality of life and overall functioning and is just as effective as, or even more effective than, other modalities of psychotherapy or psychotropic medications. CBT is an approach where there is significant backing of scientific evidence to produce measurable emotional, cognitive, and behavioral changes.
THE CORE PRINCIPLES OF CBT
1. Distorted or unhelpful thinking patterns contribute to psychological problems.
2. Psychological problems are due to learned patterns of unhelpful behavior.
3. We all can learn healthier ways of coping, reduce distressing symptoms, and live more fulfilling lives.
METHODS OF CBT
- Learn to recognize distorted or unhelpful ways of thinking and assess the reality of the thought patterns.
- To understand the behavior and motivation of other people.
- Develop problem-solving skills to cope and manage difficult circumstances.
- Increase self-confidence and compassion in one’s ability to manage emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.
- Avoid avoiding difficult situations.
- Use role-playing to improve interpersonal skills and improve quality of relationships.
- To learn to be more mindful of emotions, thoughts, and behaviors to manage stress and difficulty more effectively.
WHAT CAN YOU EXPECT FROM CBT TREATMENT
The client and therapist will work collaboratively together to develop an understanding of the problem and to develop the best treatment strategy for the client.
CBT help individuals learn to be their own therapists, by practicing skills in session, and providing homework outside of session. Thus, clients learn to develop coping skills and change their own thinking, emotional responses, and behaviors.
CBT therapists encourage and focus on the client’s present experience, rather emphasizing the past. CBT therapist focuses on some degree of past experiences impacting the present to help a client move forward and improve quality of life and functioning.
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